Afghanistan Facts

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About Afghanistan Facts

Since Alexander the Great, invading armies and peaceful migrations have brought in diverse peoples to this Central Asian crossroads. As a result, Afghanistan is a country of ethnic minorities: Pashtun (38 percent), Tajik (25 percent), Hazara (19 percent), and Uzbek (6 percent). The towering Hindu Kush range dominates and divides Afghanistan. The northern plains and valleys are home to Tajiks and Uzbeks. Pashtuns inhabit the desert-dominated southern plateaus. Hazara live in the central highlands. Kabul, south of the Hindu Kush, is linked by narrow passes to the northern plains.

Fast Facts 

Population: 29,929,000

Capital: Kabul; 2,956,000

Area: 652,090 square kilometres (251,773 square miles)

Language: Pashtu, Afghan Persian (Dari), Uzbek, Turkmen, 30 minor langauges

Religion: Sunni and Shiite Muslim

Currency: Afghani

Life Expectancy: 46

GDP per Capita: U.S. $700

Literacy Percent: 36

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