Scientific name: Falco peregrinus
• Peregrine falcons are among the world's most common birds of prey and live on all continents except Antarctica.
• These falcons are formidable hunters that prey on other birds (and bats) in mid-flight.
• Both the male and female incubate the eggs for about one month. The chicks start to fly in about 42 days, but are still dependent on their parents to learn how to hunt. Peregrine falcons are very territorial during breeding season and will vigorously defend their nests.
• They also have short beaks and jaw muscles modified to deliver powerful bites. Along with powerful jaws, the Peregrine has a Tomial Tooth, known as the “killing tooth.” It is a notch on the cutting edge of the upper beak that is used to sever the prey’s spinal column.
• Most birds of prey swoop, but none can attain the speed of the Peregrine Falcon. Peregrines have been reliably clocked at speeds of 200 m.p.h. in a dive. Because of these high speeds, their prey has very little chance when it is struck by such a force. This is why the Peregrine is one of the most efficient hunters.