1- Henderson Island, one of four islands that make up the Pitcairn archipelago, is notable for four of its land birds and ten plants found nowhere else, is among the reasons UNESCO dubbed it a World Heritage Site in 1988.
2- Prior to its discovery by European explorers, Pitcairn Island had likely been inhabited by Polynesians, who left petroglyphs, burial sites and stone tools behind.
3- Pitcairn Island was named by the captain of the British ship HMS Swallow, for the crew member who first sighted the island in 1767.
4- In 1789 mutineers led by first mate Fletcher Christian set their captain, William Bligh, and several of his loyal crew members adrift when they took the British ship HMS Bounty-eventually settling with a few Tahitians on Pitcairn Island.
5- Upon reaching the uninhabited island of Pitcairn in 1790, the mutineers of the HMS Bounty along with their Tahitian companions went ashore and destroyed the ship by burning it in a bay on the island. Descendants of the mutineers and their Tahitian companions still live on Pitcairn Island today, and the site where the ship was destroyed is called Bounty Bay.
6- The official languages of Pitcairn Island are English and Pitkern, which is a combination of 18th-century English and Tahitian.
7- More than half of the population of the world lives within 120 miles of the coastal ocean.
8- The ocean is critical to the health and life of everyone on earth, supplying half the atmosphere’s oxygen, employment for millions and protein for billions of people around the world, while regulating climate and water quality.
9- Over 70% of planet Earth is covered by oceans.
10- Among the major threats facing the world’s oceans, the greatest might be overfishing. Depleted fish stocks can leave the ocean less able to resist other threats like pollution and climate change.
11- The Pitcairn Islands may be some of the most remote islands in the world as they lay almost 450 kilometers from their closest island neighbors and over 4,500 kilometers from the nearest continental land mass.
12- The Pitcairn island group is made up of four islands: Oeno and Ducie are coral atolls, Henderson is an uplifted coral atoll, and Pitcairn island is an extinct volcano.
13- Endemic species are those only found in a specific place. Pitcairn islands is home to five species of bony fish which are currently believed to be found only on the Pitcairn islands.
14- Enric Sala is a marine ecologist and conservationist of marine ecosystems. He previously led a scientific expedition to another remote Pacific island group with a colorful history: Easter Island and Sala y Gómez.
15- Mike Fay is a naturalist and conservationist who has dedicated his life to understanding and documenting the last few untouched places on the planet. Among his ambitious treks across the world’s dwindling number of untouched places was the Megatransect, a 2,000 mile hike through the pristine forest of Congo and Gabon in Central Africa.