Caribou, also called reindeer, are found in northern regions of North America, Europe, Asia, and Greenland.
As summer approaches, caribou herds head north in one of the world's great large-animal migrations. They may travel more than 600 miles along well trod annual routes. At the end of their journey, they spend the summer feeding on the abundant grasses and plants of the tundra. In these rich grounds, an adult caribou can eat 12 pounds of food each day.
During migration, herds of cows (female caribou) leave several weeks before the males, who follow with yearling calves from the previous birthing season.
Common Name: Caribou (Reindeer)
Scientific Name: Rangifer tarandus
Group Name: Herd
Average life span in the wild: 15 years
Size: 4 to 5 ft at the shoulder
Weight: 240 to 700 lbs
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