Camel spiders became an Internet sensation during the Iraq war of 2003, when rumours of their bloodthirsty nature began to circulate online. Many tales were accompanied with photos purporting to show spiders half the size of a human.
Camel spiders are not deadly to humans (though their bite is painful), but they are vicious predators that can visit death upon insects, rodents, lizards, and small birds. These hardy desert dwellers boast large, powerful jaws, which can be up to one-third of their body length. They use them to seize their victims and turn them to pulp with a chopping or sawing motion. Camel spiders are not venomous, but they do utilise digestive fluids to liquefy their victims' flesh, making it easy to suck the remains into their stomachs.
Status: Not assessed
Average life span in the wild: Less than one year
Size: 6 in (15 cm)
Weight: 2 oz (56 g)
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