There are two species of elephant seals, the northern and southern.
Northern elephant seals (Mirounga angustirostris) can be found in California and Baja California, though they prefer to frequent offshore islands rather than the North American mainland.
Southern elephant seals (Mirounga leonina) live in sub-Antarctic and Antarctic waters that feature brutally cold conditions but are rich in the fish, squid, and other marine foods these seals enjoy. Southern elephant seals breed on land but spend their winters in the frigid Antarctic waters near the Antarctic pack ice.
Common Name: Elephant Seals
Scientific Name: Mirounga
Group Name: Colony
Average life span: 9 years (northern); 20 to 22 years (southern)
Size: Up to 20 ft
Weight: Up to 4.5 tons
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