Mysterious Disk Found In Ancient Greek Shipwreck loading...
Mysterious Disk Found In Ancient Greek Shipwreck
The site has fascinated archaeologists for decades. It was once excavated by Jacques Cousteau and previously yielded an ancient "computer."
Museum-Goers Beware: That Ancient Artefact May Be Hot loading...
Museum-Goers Beware: That Ancient Artefact May Be Hot
An archaeological detective is shining light on the sometimes shady business behind museum collections.
How the Parthenon Lost Its Marbles loading...
How the Parthenon Lost Its Marbles
In 1801 a British nobleman stripped the Parthenon of many of its sculptures and took them to England. Controversy over their acquisition by the British Museum continues to this day. Was it preservation, or pillage?
Inside the Harrowing Journeys of Refugee Mothers loading...
Inside the Harrowing Journeys of Refugee Mothers
Tender portraits illustrate stories of heartbreak and courage from women caring for their children while in search of a new life.
What Modern Democracies Didn’t Copy From Ancient Greece loading...
What Modern Democracies Didn’t Copy From Ancient Greece
Ancient Greece was a model for the U.S. government, but the founders left a few things out.
Tiny Real-Life Horse of Greek Myth Headed for Extinction loading...
Tiny Real-Life Horse of Greek Myth Headed for Extinction
Skyros ponies, thought to have pulled Achilles' legendary chariot, have declined to about 200 animals left on Earth.
Olympic Games We No Longer Play loading...
Olympic Games We No Longer Play
Then as now, Olympic contenders often spent years training with expert coaches, and victors were showered with praise and wealth.
Rare Unlooted Grave of Wealthy Warrior Uncovered in Greece loading...
Rare Unlooted Grave of Wealthy Warrior Uncovered in Greece
Archaeologists hail the burial, untouched for 3,500 years, as the biggest discovery on mainland Greece in decades.
Stunned Archaeologists Find 22 Ancient Greek Shipwrecks loading...
Stunned Archaeologists Find 22 Ancient Greek Shipwrecks
Two weeks of diving uncovered centuries of sunken ships, and researchers are deciphering the clues contained in each.
Has The Ancient Island Of Kane Been Found? loading...
Has The Ancient Island Of Kane Been Found?
Archaeologists believe a peninsula in the Aegean Sea could be the missing island
The Discovery That Could Rewrite Greek History loading...
The Discovery That Could Rewrite Greek History
Archaeologists have found 22 ancient shipwrecks in just one small area of Greece
About Greece

Greece, on the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe, is mostly dry and mountainous, with a large mainland and more than 1,400 islands. The nation where democracy was conceived in the fifth century B.C. has periodically suffered the loss of freedom and welcomed its rebirth. After almost 400 years under Turkish rule, Greece won independence in 1830. Scarred by Nazi occupation during World War II and an ensuing civil war, the nation endured seven years of military dictatorship from 1967 to 1974. The junta fell after a failed Athens-backed coup in Cyprus—which brought the Turkish invasion and occupation of northern Cyprus in 1974. An elected government and new constitution followed. Even though Greece and Turkey are both members of NATO, relations have been tense over Cyprus and Aegean issues. A breakthrough occurred in 1999 when major earthquakes hit Greece and Turkey—both countries and peoples responded generously to the other's need.

Fast Facts 

Population: 11,100,000

Capital: Athens; 3,238,000

Area: 131,957 square kilometres (50,949 square miles)

Language: Greek

Religion: Greek Orthodox

Currency: Euro

Life Expectancy: 78

GDP per Capita: U.S. $19,100

Literacy Percent: 98

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