America's Lost Treasures: Episode 7 Facts

Video highlights from America's Lost Treasures

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1. The Hamilton-Burr conflict is one of the most well-known in American political history.  The event that sparked the rivalry between then Treasury Secretary Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr was Burr’s defeat of Hamilton’s powerful father-in-law Philip Schuyler, for a United States Senate seat in 1791.  Hamilton was counting on his father-in-law to support his Federalist policies, but Burr was a Republican.  Twelve years later, after many more conflicts, Burr challenged Hamilton to the fatal duel. 

2. Burr challenged Hamilton to a duel after he sabotaged Burr’s run for the New York governorship in order to save his career.  Ironically, the duel ended it.

3. Arrest warrants for Burr were issued after the duel, but he escaped to Philadelphia, where he and his friend General James Wilkinson planned an invasion in Mexico to start an independent government there.  Burr was caught and arrested, but was cleared of treason charges.  However, this marked the end of his political career.

4. As a young man, Robert Morris was very wealthy and almost single handedly took over the financing of the Revolutionary War.  He even put up his own credit to keep the revolution alive.  Yet he died penniless.

5. Robert Morris established the first Bank of the United States.

6. The United States’ first daily newspaper was published in on Sept. 21, 1784 in Philadelphia.

7. Every day, the U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing prints around 16,650,000 one-dollar bills.

8. The average one-dollar bill is in circulation for 21 months.

9. The portrait of George Washington used on the one-dollar bill was painted by Gilbert Stuart, the “Father of American Portraiture.” 

10.  The reason “signature” is associated with U.S. Founding Father John Hancock is because he was the first delegate of Congress to sign the Declaration of Independence and his name is also the most prominent.

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