Anne Frank’s world-famous diary came to an end on 1 August 1944, just before she and her companions in the secret annex were arrested.
On 4 August, after more than two years in hiding, the eight residents of the annex were found by the German secret state police, known as the Gestapo. The anonymous tipster who revealed their hiding place has never been definitively identified.
The Franks, Van Pels and Fritz Pfeffer were sent to the Westerbork holding camp in the Netherlands before being transported to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp complex in Poland.
The group was taken to Auschwitz on a sealed cattle car that would be the last transport ever to leave Westerbork.
At Auschwitz, the men were separated from the women. Anne, Margo and Mrs. Van Pel were taken to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp. Edith remained at Auschwitz and died of starvation on 6 January 1945.
In March 1945, Anne and Margot Frank die from typhus within days of each other at Bergen-Belsen. Their bodies were thrown into a mass grave.
Heartbreakingly, it was only weeks later, on 15 April 1945, that British forces liberated the camp.
Of the eight residents of the secret annex, Anne’s father Otto was the only one to survive. On 27 January 1945, he was liberated from Auschwitz by Soviet forces.
After his daughter’s writings were returned to him, Otto helped compile them into a manuscript that went on to sell tens of millions of copies. Today, The Diary Of A Young Girl is the world’s best-known memoir of the Holocaust.