The Queensland Town Called 1770

The tiny village’s name was changed from Round Hill 45 years ago

Surrounded on three sides by the Coral Sea and Bustard Bay, 1770 is a picturesque village rich in wildlife and scenery – and it might just be the most unusually named town in Australia.

Seventeen Seventy, known by locals as 1770, was originally named Round Hill after the creek on which it lies.

The town’s name was changed 45 years ago to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Lieutenant James Cook landing the His Majesty’s Bark Endeavor in the area.

On 24 May 1770, Cook anchored the ship near Round Hill Head and went ashore with his botantist Joseph Banks and assistant Daniel Solander. This marked Cook's first landing on what is now Queensland and second in Australia.

[Image: State Library of Queensland]

“In this place there is a room for a few ships to lie in great security, and a small stream of fresh water,’’ Cook wrote at the time.

Learn more about the life of James Cook, one of the greatest navigators, explorers and cartographers of the Age of Enlightenment. 

While in the area, the crew shot and ate a species of bustard that they called the best bird they’d eaten since leaving England. In its honour, Cook named the area Bustard Bay.

Today, 1770 is a place where wildlife thrives in a mostly untouched natural environment that includes national parks and coastal rainforests.

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