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Musk oxen live in the frozen Arctic and roam the tundra in search of the roots, mosses, and lichens that sustain them. In winter, they use their hooves to dig through snow to graze on these plants. During the summer, they supplement their diet with Arctic flowers and grasses, often feeding near water.
These animals have inhabited the Arctic for many thousands of years, and their long shaggy hair is well adapted to the frigid climate. The outer hairs, called guard hairs, cover a second, shorter undercoat that provides additional insulation in winter. This undercoat falls out when temperatures climb at winter's end.
Common Name: Musk Ox
Scientific Name: Ovibos moschatus
Group Name: Herd
Average life span in the wild: 12 to 20 years
Size: Height at shoulder, 4 to 5 ft
Weight: 500 to 800 lbs
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