Kingdom of the Oceans
Upper Primary, Junior Secondary
Science (Upper Primary and Junior Secondary)
Geography (Junior Secondary)
Download a map of the world from http://maps.nationalgeographic.com/maps
Click on the map to enlarge it, then save the map to your files, or print it and paste it into your workbook. On your map:
• Identify the three oceans that are named
• Mark the names and locations of the two oceans that are not included on the map
Write down the name of a large shark species and a large whale species. In four sentences for each of them, write a short description that includes what and how they eat, what type of animal they are and how they breathe.
Imagine you are a sardine, swimming in a large school off the coast of South Africa. Suddenly you are surrounded by predators. Name three of the different species you can see, and write 50 words to describe how each of them is behaving and what you do to try to escape being eaten.
In about 50 words, explain how a terrestrial (land-based) animal could end up in the middle of the ocean – and survive. Give some examples and add a sentence to suggest what could eventually happen to this animal.
Do some Internet research to help draw a diagram to show the lifecycle of a salmon, naming the seven different stages it goes through, at what age, and in which type of environment – fresh or salt water.
JUNIOR SECONDARY - SCIENCE
Do some Internet research to help you draw a diagram of the ocean that shows the following:
• names of the five different layers
• depth of each layer
• two examples of animals that inhabit each layer.
Note: If there are no animals living in any particular layer or layers, explain why.
Write short definitions for the following as they relate to Kingdom of the Oceans, giving two examples of those marked with an asterisk (*):
In 100 words, explain why plankton is crucial for life in the oceans. Accompany your explanation with an example of a marine food chain.
Choose two animals featured in Kingdom of the Oceans and make a fact file about each of them that includes the following:
• Name of animal
• Type of animal
• Average size of adult form
• Average life span
• Defence mechanisms
• Attack mechanisms (if any)
• Reproduction technique
• Predators and/or prey
Do some Internet research into Australia's fishing industry. In 150 words, describe three different methods used by commercial fishers to catch their target species and approximately what percentage of their catch is incidental kill (bycatch). Conclude with a couple of sentences to sum up your opinion of the different methods you've described.
JUNIOR SECONDARY – GEOGRAPHY
Download a map of the world from
Click on the map to enlarge it, then save the map to your files, or print it and paste it into your workbook.
On your map:
• Use different colours to highlight the extent of each of world's five oceans.
• Name the oceans that are not identified
• Mark the equator
• Mark the Tropic of Capricorn and Tropic of Cancer
• Divide the oceans into polar, temperate and tropical zones, shading each in a different colour
Do some Internet research to help write an explanatory paragraph of about 50 words concerning international law governing territorial waters. In your paragraph include the name of the law, when it came into effect and why you think such laws are necessary.
Choose an ocean and compile a fact file about it including the following:
• Approximate amount of water it contains
• Countries bordering it
• Ten animals that can be found in it
• Three industries it sustains
• Two defining characteristics that differentiate it from other oceans
In about 100 words make a comparison between life in mid-ocean and life on the ocean's fringes. Include examples to illustrate your comparison.
Go to the following website http://ocean.nationalgeographic.com/ocean/protect/
You will see a list of critical ocean issues: overfishing, sea temperature rise, marine pollution, ocean acidification, marine habitat destruction, sea level rise, marine invasive species, Gulf oil crisis.
Choose two of the topics, read the accompanying text and write a 100-word summary of each, using your own words. Conclude each summary with your opinion of the most important step humans can take to improve the situation.