Why Do Penguins Lay Asymmetrical Eggs? loading...
Why Do Penguins Lay Asymmetrical Eggs?
Scientists studied 50,000 bird eggs from 1,400 species to discover why egg shapes vary.
Penguins Caught Feasting on an Unexpected Prey loading...
Penguins Caught Feasting on an Unexpected Prey
Researchers mounted cameras on the backs of four species and were surprised by what they found on penguins' menu.
Scientists Attached Cameras to Penguins—Here's What They Learned. loading...
Scientists Attached Cameras to Penguins—Here's What They Learned.
The charismatic birds are found on the Antarctic peninsula, and how they communicate has been a mystery.
6 Tips for Better Wildlife Encounters loading...
6 Tips for Better Wildlife Encounters
Experiences with animals can be exhilarating, uplifting, and educational, but they can also be dangerous—for you and the wildlife. Here's how to make the activities sustainable and safe.
12 Penguin Portraits Show Off Big Personalities loading...
12 Penguin Portraits Show Off Big Personalities
Celebrate World Penguin Day, April 25, with stunning pictures of these beloved birds.
About Penguins

Penguins predominately live in the Southern Hemisphere since they are well adapted for the cold. However, the Galapagos and fairy penguin along with other small penguins are more likely to be found in warmer climates closer to the equator.

The largest penguin is the emperor penguin, which grows to the size of a human child weighing in at 35 kilograms. The smallest penguin can be found here in Australia and is appropriately named the fairy penguin, weighing only 1 kilogram.

During the breeding season penguins usually stay with one mate and share the parenting duties. The female emperor penguin will lay a single egg, while all other penguins usually lay two or three. The male emperor penguin is then responsible for caring for the egg until and after it hatches.

It is believed that penguins could once fly but have evolved flippers instead of wings to be able to move rapidly through the water. Their streamlined bodies and waterproof coat make them extremely agile hunters underwater.

Newsletter

Never miss a Nat Geo moment

Your email address
Submit