Mammother Unearthed: Facts

Video highlights from Mammoths Unearthed

facts

•    Mammoths were still around for 500 years after the Pyramids of Giza were built in 2560 BC.  Pygmy mammoths survived on the remote Siberian Wrangel Island until around 2000 BC before dying out.

•    The first mammoth ever to be mounted was recovered by botanist Mikhail Adams in 1806 in Russia. It was reassembled in 1808.

•    Mammoth Ivory was traded for $10 a pound in the 1870’s. Now a grade a tusk is worth $300 a pound!

•    Ancestors of mammoths came from Africa, moved into Europe, across Siberia and on into North America where the Colombian Mammoth grew to 13 feet in height, its fossils have been found as far east as Florida.

•    Genome sequencing of mammoth DNA suggests they are more closely related to Asian than African elephants, and closer to one another than humans and chimpanzees

•    Tusks are the mammoths incisor teeth and are made out of dentine, the same as the other teeth.

•    Mammoths and Elephants are related to Hyraxs, small rat like animals that are still alive today.

•    A mammoths age can be counted using the rings in its tusk, like a tree. The thicker the gaps between the rings, the more healthy the mammoth was that year.

•    Mammoths were left or right ‘handed’, favoring one tusk over the other and wearing it down more than the other.

•    Siberian nomads across the region consider mammoths a bad omen belonging to  gods of the underworld, giant moles or underground reindeers. Others believe they are ravenous creatures that ate everything in Siberia before dying of starvation.
 

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