About Sudan Facts

Africa's largest country in land area, Sudan is dominated by the Nile and its tributaries, with mountains rising along its Red Sea coast and along the western border with Chad. Sudan's name in Arabic means "land of the blacks."

Since independence from Britain in 1956, a north-south war has dominated Sudan's history, pitting Arab Muslims in the northern desert against black Christians and animists in the southern wetlands. Muslim Arabs control the government in Khartoum, but are only about 39 percent of the population. Blacks, or Africans, make up 52 percent of Sudanese, and are most numerous in southern and western Sudan. The country is further divided with hundreds of black, Arab, and non-Arab ethnicities, tribes, and languages.

Fast Facts 

Population: 36,787,012

Capital: Khartoum; 4,286,000

Area: 1,861,484 square kilometres (718,723 square miles)

Language: Arabic, Nubian, Ta Bedawie, many local dialects

Religion: Sunni Muslim, indigenous beliefs, Christian

Currency: Sudanese pound

Life Expectancy: 55

GDP per Capita: U.S. $2,300

Literacy Percent: 61

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