Top 10 Castles of Europe

Do you ever wonder what it would be like to live in a real-life fairytale? Ponder no more.

At least once in our lives we’ve twirled in a glittery dress and tiara, or tussled with fire-breathing dragons from a crenulated tower. Indoctrinated by bedtime stories of our youth, we’d close our eyes and wonder where those horse-drawn carriages went when they turned right at happily-ever-after. Now all grown up, we can still dream a little thanks to storybook abodes that really do exist, especially in Europe where hundreds of well-preserved castles dot enchanted landscapes. Here are ten that live up to our fairytale fantasies.

NEUSCHWANSTEIN CASTLE, BAVARIA, GERMANY

Long before it helped to inspire Cinderella’s Castle at Walt Disney World, Neuschwanstein was a refuge for Germany’s King Ludwig II of Bavaria who spent much of his kingdom’s fortune building castles. Neuschwanstein is the most popular, welcoming more than 1 million visitors per year. Only 14 of the castle’s planned 200 rooms were finished, and they’re impressive with opulent gold leaf, ornate woodcarving, and vibrant murals that reveal a mad king’s obsession with the myths and legends of composer Richard Wagner's operas.

BRAN CASTLE, BRASOV, ROMANIA

The famed Bran Castle in Transylvania is also commonly known as Dracula's Castle.
PHOTOGRAPH BY JEREMY WOODHOUSE, GETTY IMAGES

The power of myth lives at this fog-cloaked castle erroneously believed to be the home in Bram Stoker’s Dracula. The author never visited this fortress, commonly known as Dracula's Castle and guarded by a ring of mountains in Transylvania, but the site still lures literature fans and the goose bump crowd to its dimly lit corridors for tours and an annual Halloween party.

CHAMBORD CASTLE, LOIR-ET-CHER, FRANCE

A hallmark of French Renaissance grandeur, Chambord Castle is a sight to behold.
PHOTOGRAPH BY CHICUREL ARNAUD, GETTY IMAGES

A stunning example of French Renaissance grandeur, Chambord Castle is the largest in the château-speckled Loire Valley. Built by Francis I in 1519 as a hunting lodge for the royal court, the symmetrical stronghold was rarely lived-in. There are one hundred rooms (of 440) open to the public and dozens of staircases, including a double helix, rumoured to have been designed by Leonardo da Vinci. The surrounding 21-square-mile park entertains with hiking and biking trails, boat rentals, and a guided 4x4 tour to a normally off-limits nature preserve.

MOSZNA CASTLE, POLAND

This Polish castle has Hogwarts-like charm with 365 rooms and 99 towers.
PHOTOGRAPH BY PETER HIRTH, LAIF/REDUX

The former residence of the Tiele-Winckler family was originally designed in Baroque style in the 17th century, but the later addition of a neo-Gothic and neo-Renaissance wing brought Hogwarts appeal to the castle, especially at night when its 99 Rapunzel-worthy towers and glowing windows shimmer in the outdoor reflecting pool. After World War II, it was a seat of the Soviet Army, but nowadays the art exhibits and chamber music concerts lure visitors to the 365 room castle, and the surrounding parkland is popular with picnicking families.

LEEDS CASTLE, KENT, ENGLAND

Leeds Castle has existed since the 10th century and is a popular destination for visitors.
PHOTOGRAPH BY TJS11/GETTY IMAGES

Situated on two islands in the middle of a lake, Leeds Castle is grand, romantic, and as close as you can get to a real "a once upon a time" experience. It was built during the reign of Henry I and has served as a royal residence for most of its 900-year history—including to six medieval queens, earning a reputation as a “Ladies Castle.” The 500-acre estate only opened to visitors in 1974 and now hosts year-round cultural events, with three restaurants, a bed-and-breakfast, a yew tree maze, and falconry demonstrations.

PRAGUE CASTLE, PRAGUE, CZECH REPUBLIC

St. Vitus Cathedral is one of the many attractions that draw visitors to Prague Castle.
PHOTOGRAPH BY PETER HIRTH, LAIF/REDUX

Like a fairytale village plucked right out of central casting, Prague Castle is actually a complex of gardens, courtyards, lanes, and historic buildings, including the gothic St. Vitus Cathedral where Czech kings and queens were crowned. This site is one of the largest castle complexes in the world at 229,658 square metres (sports fans, that’s about seven football fields), and since the ninth century, when Prince Borivoj established a fortification here, it has been the seat of monarchs and the official residence of the head of state.

PENA PALACE, SINTRA, PORTUGAL

People enjoy the courtyard of the colourful Pena National Palace in Sintra, Portugal.
PHOTOGRAPH BY LAVENDERTIME/GETTY IMAGES

Portugal’s fanciful Pena Palace glows red and yellow above the town of Sintra and can be seen from Lisbon on a clear day. The UNESCO World Heritage site dates to the Middle Ages when Our Lady of Pena chapel was built here. Eventually transformed into a royal palace by King Ferdinand II in the mid-1800s, the dizzying amalgam of Gothic, Manueline, and Moorish architecture is unique in southern Europe. No wonder the father of fairytales himself Hans Christian Andersen declared it the "most beautiful place in Portugal."

BOJNICE CASTLE, BOJNICE, SLOVAKIA

Bojnice is the most famous and visited castle in Slovakia.
PHOTOGRAPH BY TOMO, GETTY IMAGES

The most visited castle in Slovakia is a setting perfect for daydreams. Built as a wooden fort in the 12th century, the castle changed hands many times but attained its current good looks in the late 1800s from the last private owner, Count János Ferenc Pálffy, who admired the majestic castles of the Loire Valley. Sadly he died before renovations were complete. His collection of paintings and other treasures are exhibited inside. Night tours by candlelight are especially popular at Bojnice Castle, as is the annual International Festival of Ghosts and Spooks held at the end of April.

SEGOVIA FORTRESS, SEGOVIA, SPAIN

Day turns to night as the last rays of sun cast Segovia Castle in an enchanting glow.
PHOTOGRAPH BY NAGELE STOCK/ALAMY STOCK PHOTO

Like most Spanish castles, Segovia was built for defence, but little of the original structure remains, and its soaring round towers above the confluence of two rivers now lean more fairytale than fortress. The imposing stone edifice has seen many incarnations including as a royal palace (Queen Isabella I was crowned here in 1474), a state prison, a military academy, and its current role as a splendid museum of gilded halls, exceptional paintings and furniture, and armoury. It’s even been a Hollywood set as the home of Sir Lancelot in the 1967 film "Camelot."

BUDA CASTLE, BUDAPEST, HUNGARY

Constructed in the 13th century, Buda Castle's design is atypical to what one would imagine for a castle.
PHOTOGRAPH BY DAN BRECKWOLDT, ALAMY STOCK PHOTO

Time, history, numerous invasions, and prevailing architectural styles have shaped Budapest’s Castle District, since its original founding by King Béla IV in the 13th century. Stretching across a limestone plateau above the Danube River, the district’s cobblestone lanes lead to Trinity Square and Matthias Church, while inside Buda Castle, aka the Royal Palace, is the Hungarian National Gallery and the Budapest History Museum. From the white stone towers of the Fisherman’s Bastion, the views of the Chain Bridge and the city are dreamy.

Header Image: The sun sets over Neuschwanstein Castle during a foggy autumn evening. PHOTOGRAPH BY RUDY BALASKO, GETTY IMAGES

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