The great chief who defied the US authorities and led the American Indians in a major massacre of US soldiers. Is this legend really true?
A reputable captain in 1600s New York society falls from grace when he becomes a pirate. But were a corrupt king and secret government conspiracy behind his execution? Was he really a murderer?
Lawrence of Arabia is seen by some as the great military mind of World War I in the Middle East, but by others as one of the greatest liars and charlatans of the 20th century.
It disappeared without trace in antiquity but does Alexander the Great’s tomb still exist today, renamed and venerated as a saint in one of the world’s grandest Christian basilicas?
Although he’s renowned for introducing the Western world to ice cream and pasta, scholars today find little evidence of Marco Polo’s journeys. Did he really exist? And if so, did he go to China?
Zorro’s double-life, his romancing and skill with a sword in defence of the helpless have made him one of the most recognisable heroes in pop-culture. But is he based on a real historical figure?
Giving birth in public in Rome supposedly blew her cover, but how could a woman ever become Pope? Uncover the truth behind medieval reports of a female pope.
What made Hitler the monster he became? Why did he rise to such a dominating position of power over the German people? Did his war experiences lead him to suffer an extreme psychological disorder?
One of the greatest military commanders of all time, Saladin united much of the Muslim world almost a thousand years ago to defeat the Crusaders in battle and build an Arab empire never before seen.
Built by a heartbroken ruler, the Taj Mahal is both a tomb and one of the greatest monuments to love. Did the Shah also plan to raise a twin Taj of black marble, in sight of his wife’s resting place?
Much of what we think we know of the Nativity – when Mary gave birth to Jesus in a stable – is more the result of misinterpretation, historical confusion, folklore and tradition.
Forget his reputation as a logical, considered scientist. Isaac Newton was secretive, paranoid and obsessive, spending his life trying to break Bible codes and hunting for the Philosopher's Stone.
Mon, 12 Jun 10.07am
Queen Elizabeth I’s relationship with her adviser the Earl of Leicester is the source of much gossip. When his wife dies in suspicious circumstances, rumours abound. Did the queen have her murdered?
From the tales of King Arthur and Robin Hood to Cleopatra and Nostradamus, learn the truth behind legendary figures.
Never miss a Nat Geo moment
Join our curious community and you'll have access to some great features!
Personalised content reflecting your interests on the site
Watch exclusive videos before anyone else
Favourite content that you like or want to check out later
Free SMS and Email reminders so you never miss a show
Get notified when content that interests you is published
Share your photos on Snap! that could appear on TV
Share your thoughts and opinions on various matters
Receive a monthly newsletter with loads of great content