World Heritage Site: Machu Picchu

First Photos of Machu Picchu loading...
First Photos of Machu Picchu
It was in 1911 that Yale University professor and explorer Hiram Bingham ventured into the mountainous jungles of central Peru in search of an ancient Inca city.
Explorers Discover An Inca Shrine Where Children Were Sacrificed loading...
Explorers Discover An Inca Shrine Where Children Were Sacrificed
After extreme weather or natural disasters, the Incas would give human sacrifices to the gods
About World Heritage Site: Machu Picchu

Site: Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

Location: Peru

Year Designated: 1983

Category: Cultural

Reason: Machu Picchu is one of the most important archaeological sites in the world.

Machu Picchu is tangible evidence of the urban Inca Empire at the peak of its power and achievement—a citadel of cut stone fit together without mortar so tightly that its cracks still can’t be penetrated by a knife blade.

The complex of palaces and plazas, temples and homes may have been built as a ceremonial site, a military stronghold, or a retreat for ruling elites—its dramatic location is certainly well suited for any of those purposes. The ruins lie on a high ridge, surrounded on three sides by the windy, turbulent Urubamba River some 2,000 feet (610 meters) below.

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