First Photos of New Amazon Coral Reef System Released loading...
First Photos of New Amazon Coral Reef System Released
The reef was found in an unlikely place after scientists chased a rumour that it might exist.
About Coral

Coral organisms, called polyps, can live on their own, but are primarily associated with the spectacularly diverse limestone communities, or reefs, they construct.

Coral polyps are actually translucent animals. Reefs get their wild hues from the billions of colorful zooxanthellae (ZOH-oh-ZAN-thell-ee) algae they host. When stressed by such things as temperature change or pollution, corals will evict their boarders, causing coral bleaching that can kill the colony if the stress is not mitigated.

Fast Facts 

Type: Invertebrate

Diet: Carnivore

Average life span in the wild: Polyp, 2 years to hundreds of years; colony, 5 years to several centuries

Size: Polyp, 0.25 to 12 in (0.63 to 30.5 cm)

Group name: Colony

Did you know? Corals are so sensitive to climatic change that scientists study coral reef fossils to construct highly detailed chronologies of prehistoric climate patterns.


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