10 Things To Know About Queen Elizabeth I

The last Tudor monarch was born on this day in 1533

  1. Elizabeth I was born at Greenwich on 7 September 1533. She was the only surviving child of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn.
  2. Her mother was executed, on her father’s orders, when she was two years old.
  3. Her chances of ending up on the throne seemed slight when she was third in line behind her half-brother Edward and half-sister Mary.
  4. King Edward died young from consumption, so when Mary also died childless in 1558, Elizabeth became Queen.
  5. Queen Elizabeth I was highly intelligent and extremely well-educated. She spoke six languages fluently.
  6. Her 45 year reign is considered one of the most glorious in English history, often referred to as ‘The Golden Age’.
  7. Under her rule, literature, theatre, music and art flourished. Elizabeth even attended the first performance of Shakespeare’s A Midsummer Night’s Dream.
  8. Religion was one of the most important concerns during Elizabeth’s reign. The Act of Uniformity 1559, to which she gave assent early in her reign, require the use of the Protestant Book of Common Prayer in church. Pope Pius V excommunicated Elizabeth in February 1570.
  9. Queen Elizabeth I was often referred to as ‘The Virgin Queen’ for her refusal to marry. This allowed her to use her marriage prospects to influence foreign and domestic policies.
  10. Her death on 24 March 1603 was the end of the Tudor dynasty.

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