Students are applying to Historically Black Colleges and Universities in record numbers. During the past three years, applications to Spelman College, a private women’s liberal arts college in Atlanta, have gone from 5,000 in 2014 to 9,000 for the current application cycle, a historic high, Spelman College President Mary Schmidt Campbell said recently.
Like Spelman, many HBCUs across the country are experiencing a surge in enrolment. Dr. Walter M. Kimbrough, president of Dillard University, wrote an op-ed in the Washington Post in September 2016 that shared the recent at influx many schools: “Freshman enrolment is up 49 percent at Shaw University, 39 percent at South Carolina State, 32 percent at Tuskegee University, 30 percent at Virginia State University, 22 percent at Dillard University, 22 percent at Central State University, 20 percent at Florida Memorial University, and 19 percent at Delaware State University.”
Pageantry and performance are an important part of life at HBCUs. Here, last year’s winner of Clark Atlanta University’s Miss Collegiate 100, says a prayer with this year’s contestants backstage before the curtains go up. PHOTOGRAPH BY NINA ROBINSON, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
Kimbrough suggested that the reason enrolment is increasing at many of these schools was because of increased racial tensions throughout the country. He suggested that HBCUs can offer black students something their predominantly white counterparts cannot, a space where they are able to be their fullest selves. “For black students, HBCUs continue to serve as the original safe spaces.”
HBCUs like Spelman have been lauded for producing results. “According to the United Negro College Fund, 70 percent of black dentists and doctors, 50 percent of black engineers and public school educators, 35 percent of black lawyers are graduates of HBCUs,” Campbell wrote. HBCUs have provided more African American graduates in STEM fields than all Ivy League colleges combined,” Campbell wrote.
Fashion is more than tradition at historically black colleges
Greek life is an important part of the culture of many Historically Black Colleges and Universities. Members of Delta Sigma Theta Sorority Inc., step and display the Delta symbol during Market Friday, a weekly campus gathering at Spelman College. PHOTOGRAPH BY NINA ROBINSON, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
Phi Mu Alpha, a fraternity focused on enriching lives and advancing music, step at Hump Wednesday, a weekly social gathering. PHOTOGRAPH BY RADCLIFFE "RUDDY" ROYE, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
According to a 2013 National Science Foundation report, 21 of the top 50 institutions that produce engineering and science doctoral degrees, are HBCUs. HBCUs, which make up only 3 percent of black students in higher education in the United States, produce nearly 30 percent of African American students with undergraduate degrees in the STEM fields
For students, the colleges are more than safe spaces. They offer a sense of home. Their traditions offer a link between the past and the future. From family reunion style homecomings to vibrant marching bands to the pageantry of campus queens, HBCUs offer distinct experiences that give students a sense of belonging and connection.
The House of Funk Marching Band and the Mahogany N Dance Troupe perform for a packed stadium during Morehouse’s first home game of the 2017 season. Black colleges are known for their vibrant marching bands.PHOTOGRAPH BY RADCLIFFE "RUDDY" ROYE, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
Morehouse quarterback Kivon Taylor, huddles with his team during their first home game of the 2017 season. PHOTOGRAPH BY RADCLIFFE "RUDDY" ROYE, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
Spelman College alumna participate in Class Day, one of the graduation traditions at the college. On class day, alumni, dressed in white, precede the senior class as they walk through the Spelman Arch, symbolizing graduating from college and moving into greater service.PHOTOGRAPH BY NINA ROBINSON, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC
LEAD IMAGE: Morehouse graduates participate in commencement activities last Spring. Graduation is considered the time where the young adults who attended the college become Morehouse men.
PHOTOGRAPH BY RADCLIFFE "RUDDY" ROYE, NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC